What fire protection do I require for sleeping accommodation?
Fire Risk Assessment
A formal fire risk assessment should be carried out on the premises to establish what the fire hazards are and what risk those hazards present to staff and guests. The significant findings of the risk assessment should be circulated or made available to all persons that could be affected by them.
The premises should be provided with adequate fire precautions. This includes:
- A means of raising the alarm
- A means of fighting fire
- A means of protecting and enabling use of escape routes at all times
- Fire training for staff
- Emergency arrangements for disabled persons
The extent and specification of fire precautions will be dictated by the findings of the fire risk assessment.
The responsible person in the premises must ensure that adequate fire procedures are formulated and implemented. This includes:
- Staff responsibilities
- Evacuation (including evacuation for disabled persons)
- Accounting for persons
- Information for fire crews attending an incident
Staff should receive regular training in respect of their responsibilities in the event of a fire. In most cases this will be every 3 months. The premises should be fully evacuated whenever the fire alarm is actuated and the fire service must be called, subject to confirmation that the actuation is not a false alarm. There should be clear written instructions available for both staff and guests as to what actions they are expected to take in a fire emergency.
Staff should endeavour to check that the whole premises are clear, without putting themselves at risk, before they leave the premises and report to the assembly point. Staff should not stay in the premises longer than 60 seconds after the alarm has sounded. Where staff are not able to check/clear accommodation rooms within this timeframe they should limit their check/clearance to common and utility areas only.
A reliable record in respect of guest registration/guest movements should be formulated and implemented. The record should be robust enough to enable the responsible person to give fire crews attending an incident accurate information on the following:
- How many persons are in the building (staff and guests)
- What accommodation rooms are occupied
- Whether disabled persons are occupying the premises and their location
- What areas were checked/cleared before the arrival of fire crews
Other useful information for fire crews attending an incident:
- Presence of hazardous materials or circumstances in the premises other than the fire itself
- Access and exit points
- The location of the fire
- What areas of the premises have become smoke-logged
- Details of the fire precautions and systems installed in the premises
- Location of water supplies/hydrants
- Details of utility supplies to the premises
- Details of lifts, heating, ventilation and cooking appliances
Further information may be obtained from your local Community Fire Safety Officer or from the following official guidance documents:
- Fire Safety Risk Assessment – Sleeping Accommodation.
ISBN-13: 978 1 85112 817 4
- A Short Guide to Making Your Premises Safe From Fire
Product code – 05 FRSD 03546
Additional information is also available on the Government website: www.communities.gov.uk